García Márquez drew international acclaim for the novel Cien aos de soledad(1967), which was later translated as One Hundred Years of Solitude. With this book, he is credited with helping to introduce the world to magical realism, a literary genre that combines facts and fantasy. Another one of his novels, El amor en los tiempos del cólera (1985), also drew a worldwide audience. The work, partially based on his parents’ courtship, is also known by its English title, Love in the Time of Cholera.

Gabriel García Márquez returned to Columbia in 1974. Marquez created the newspaper Alternativa based in Bogotá. In 1975, he released the novel The Autumn of the Patriarch. In this novel, Marquez writes of a nameless dictator who clings to power in a Caribbean nation.

Gabriel García Márquez would flee from Colombia after a trip to Cuba in 1981. The Colombian government had planned to arrest Marquez and charge him with financially supporting M-19, a left-wing military group. Mexico granted Marquez asylum, the French government awarded him the Legion of Honor. Adding to the international shaming of Colombia, Marquez won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1982.

García Márquez died of pneumonia at the age of 87 on 17 April 2014 in Mexico City

Source: Biography Garcia and Wiki

One HUndred Years of Solitude was written by García Márquez. It was published in 1967.