Some early critics of Stoker’s novel noted the “unnecessary number of hideous incidents” which could “shock and disgust” readers of Dracula. One critic even advised keeping the novel away from children and nervous adults. Initially, Dracula was interpreted as a straightforward horror novel. Dorothy Scarborough indicated the direction of future criticism in 1916 when she wrote that “Bram Stoker furnished us with several interesting specimens of supernatural life always tangled with other uncanny motives.” In 1931 Ernest Jones, in his On the Nightmare, drew attention to the theory that these motives involve repressed sexual desires. Critics have since tended to view Dracula from a Freudian psychosexual standpoint, which deals with the sexual desires of the unconscious mind. However, the novel has also been interpreted from folkloric, political, medical, and religious points of view.
Dracula was written by Bram Stoker. It was published in 1897.