Tragically, the alienation of anti-hero Holden Caulfield has resonated with society’s sociopaths. After assassinating John Lennon in 1980, Mark David Chapman was found by police casually thumbing through a copy of The Catcher in the Rye. Chapman later claimed that the novel was his statement and that it provided the answer to why he’d killed the legendary Beatle. In 1981, after John Hinckley Jr., attempted to assassinate Ronald Reagan, investigators reportedly discovered a copy of the book in his hotel room. Hinckley was found not guilty by reason of insanity. And, in 1989, Robert John Bardo, who had been carrying the book, murdered Rebecca Schaeffer, an actress whom he had become obsessed with.
Source: J. D. Salinger
The Catcher in the Rye was written by J.D. Salinger. It was published in 1951.