Carroll suffered from a bad stammer, but he found himself vocally fluent when speaking with children. The relationships he had with young people in his adult years undoubtedly inspired his best-known writings. Carroll loved to entertain children, and it was Alice, the daughter of Henry George Liddell his dean at Oxford who can be credited with his pinnacle inspiration. Alice Liddell remembers spending many hours with Carroll, sitting on his couch while he told fantastic tales of dream worlds. During an afternoon picnic with Alice and her two sisters, Carroll told the first iteration of what would later become Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland.
When Alice arrived home, she exclaimed that he must write the story down for her. He fulfilled the girl’s request, and through a series of coincidences, the story fell into the hands of the novelist Henry Kingsley, who urged Carroll to publish it.
Source: Carroll’s Bio
Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland was written by Lewis Carroll. It was published in 1865.