The title of William Golding’s Debut novel, Lord of the Flies, is a popular translation of Beelzebub, the demon (devil) of the underworld according to Christian Mythology. Further, the title is a break down of “Lord” and “Flies” which denote the two ends of the spectrum of Life: Majestic power (Lord) and Decaying Death (Flies) put together. Power leading to corruption which in turn leads to the decaying of human perception.
William Golding joined the Royal Navy in 1940 and was a part of the D-Day invasion of Normandy. He was an adept sailor but never sailed again after he survived an accident out at sea along with his family. He promised himself never to risk another life by his doing.
Lord of the Flies was written by William Golding. It was published in 1954.